Sometime during the 18th century, chair makers decided that fluffy armchairs would be more comfortable than the bench-style seats that had been in fashion up to that time. Unlike other chairs of contemporary date, which have open seat frames to receive upholstery or a woven bottom, the Windsor has a solid plank seat. The portraits noted in this paragraph are discussed in Evans. 63.673. Unlike other chairs of contemporary date, which have open seat frames to receive upholstery or a woven bottom, the Windsor has a solid plank seat. There are some ways to identify the age of Windsor chairs. Sometimes style is enough to tell how old a chair is, especially if that style was only popular for a short time. Look at images of chairs similar to yours online if you are unsure when your chair was manufactured. Their program of classes was recognized throughout the … Following area work, the bow face is finished with a deep, broad channel. (For the connoisseurs: It has style characteristics of William and Mary chairs.) H-stretcher and saddle seat. Determining the age of a chair is sometimes as simple as finding maker's marks underneath; other times, a good deal of research is required, especially since some popular chair styles have been reproduced for generations. Phillips screws shouldn't be anywhere on the chair if it is truly old as these have been around only since the 1930s. A chair with mahogany parts can be dated to the late 19th century because mahogany was difficult to obtain before then. But since this particular design goes back to the 1700s, the earliest Windsors fetch big bucks, selling for $3,000-$5,000 apiece. Windsor chairs offer a little more help. If you need help identifying windsor chairs, then you have come to the right place. Study the chair's composition. If the chair is painted, the paint may be crackled or peeling and even worn through to the bare wood in spots. NY: Deerfield, Some antique chairs have obvious stories, told in a loud voice. Feb 21, 2015 - If you need help identifying windsor chairs, then you have come to the right place. 1755–1760. Wood shrinks with time, loosening joints, and use often wears hand carvings and embellishments smooth. The leg profile is a Boston signature, with its short, bulbous baluster, thick ring, and swelled-taper foot, the last of these having been adapted from Rhode Island work (Fig. All rights reserved. Fig. Most high-back chairs have a lightweight steamed and bent arm rail that provides adequate support, as the sitter’s weight is distributed along the entire length of the tall back. (4 vols) Books on Windsor Chairs Nutting. Beginning in 1980 he taught Windsor chair-making around the United States and Canada. 1785–1790. Identifying the Age of a Rocking Chair Through Materials. AntiquesandFineArt.com. In the 1900s, synthetic materials such as upholstery foam and fiberfill entered the scene. The modeled tips of the back rail provide a smooth visual transition between the planes of the arms and the rail top. There are even Windsor settees. Copyright ©2021. The saddled seat of white pine is modeled at the front corners with cushioned surfaces above rising edges. Those may interest you: Identifying the age of Thonet chairs and other Thonet furniture. A Lesson in Identifying Furniture Age. H. 27 3/4", W. (arms) 28 1/2", D. (seat) 17". Scattered soling. Others sat on stools and benches. Fine antique dealers consider objects 150 years and older to be antique. An old Windsor rocking chair will show the signs of use that come with age. Jan 19, 2015 - There are many different types of antique chairs, and each has a unique appearance. Most people have encountered a contemporary Windsor chair, as the light, easy-to-carry English design has been reproduced for centuries. Yellow poplar (seat) with maple, oak, and hickory. 3 (left): Sack-back Windsor armchair, possibly by Thomas Ash I and William Ash I (active 1783–1794), New York City, ca. Windsor Chairs, An Illustrated Handbook, by Wallace Nutting [leading New England authority], 1917. Each expository composition will probably have certain aim. Yellow poplar (seat) with maple and oak. A sack-back windsor arm chair in mixed woods with a chestnut seat on baluster and turned tapering legs. Antique furniture styles are still in use today and many reproductions exist. ... Windsor chair. If it’s the same as the rest of the piece, it’s probably a reproduction. 5: Bow-back Windsor side chair, branded by William Seaver (active 1793–1837), Boston, MA, ca. Early armchairs often had loose seat cushions stuffed with feathers. The ogee-curved arm pieces bring together the ends of the heavy back rail using lap joints secured with rosehead nails or wooden pins. Before you can accurately determine the age of a Windsor chair, it is imperative that you do your homework. In pre-Revolutionary years Philadelphia work commonly contained carved crest terminals with large volutes resembling those in formal Queen Anne chairs. Private collection; photography courtesy of Winterthur Museum. When you're trying to determine the age of an antique, take a look at these parts and look for tool marks, slight variances in size and shape, and elongation of round parts (round wood contracts across the grain, resulting in an oval shape after time). Significant Furniture Design Periods. In the entry area of our living room, in our 100 year old house by the stairway, is a small sectioned off part of the room. Antique chairs have a distinctive appearance, even when compared to exact replicas, especially when you look at the results of long use and age on the antique chair. Fig. In the early 1700’s rocking chairs made of wicker were very popular in America. Watch Ph.D. antiques appraiser Dr. Lori show you how to identify and value a painted Windsor chair from the 1800s. Identifying Antique Furniture or Good Reproductions. 64.1526. He had made Windsor chairs for 45 years. Before that, the chair was essentially a stool with a back, and only the head of the house or the upper echelon of society sat in them. Traditionally, the legs and uprights were usually turned on a pole lathe. MA: Old America, 1917. The introduction of bamboo-style turnings in Philadelphia is discussed in Evans. 2). After the 1830s, cushion designed advanced a bit and included springs, padding and webbing. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Examine the chair’s construction. Yellow poplar (seat) with maple, oak, hickory, and ash. The bread and butter of the Windsor trade in the 1790s was the bow-back side chair (Fig. The first name associated with the new form was “Forest Chair.” Nancy Goyne Evans. The design was more suitable for use around the dining table than the fan-back chair’s, as the round back economized on space—an important consideration in an era when families tended to be large. Private collection; photography courtesy of Winterthur Museum. The development of the Windsor chair reflected a growing understanding that chairs with shaped seats and curved backs suited the human body better than the older style chairs. When trying to identify antique furniture, dedicated antique hunters search for beautifully preserved pieces, armed with pins, magnifying glasses, spirit levels and all sorts of testing equipment. “The chair arrived yesterday without any problems and I am absolutely satisfied! Federal – Early 19th century. Early Windsors, late 18th century and very early 19th century, had a single plank for a seat, with the grain running from side to side. In England, 19th century Windsor chairs were usually unfinished and waxed, whereas in America, Windsor chairs were usually painted. Mass-produced chairs from the 19th century to modern times are often stamped with a manufacturer's mark. William Cox bill to Stephen Girard, April 28, 1786, Girard Papers, Girard College, Philadelphia, PA (microfilm, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia). And in America, Windsor chairs were the seat of choice for the founding fathers. Furniture - Chairs - 1800-1899 Category List of Antiques, With Information and Images (Page 3) An early 19th century child's low back yew Windsor chair by Nicholson of Rockley. Other chairs hold a quiet mystery that needs to be coaxed into a story, one whisper at a time. Every chair has its own story to tell. In the 1800s, this stamp was often placed under the seat or inside a back leg. H. 36 1/4", W. (crest) 21 1/16", D. (seat) 15 1/2". The spindled backs come in several heights and shapes too, and that feature usually identifies Windsor chairs: "low back," "comb back," "bow back," for example. February 8, 2016. Fig. What do stamped numbers mean on antique furniture? 4 (right): Fan-back Windsor side chair, Rhode Island, ca. Traditional Chairs- Helpful Tips To Identifying Classic Windsor Chair Designs. Yellow poplar (seat) with maple and other woods. Beware of furniture that’s made to look old. Check the bottoms of chairs and drawers to look for different wood types. (2 copies). Generally, the older chairs will have the most spindles. In general, Windsor chairs were made of usually three different woods for structural and design reasons. She failed to have some intention of receiving it printed while writing. The age factor is subjective: general antique stores label objects 50 years or older as antiques. Some useful clues can be found in the construction and composition of the seat. As the principal unit of construction, the Windsor plank fastens the turned and shaved members of the chair back and base, although the two structures are independent of one another. The Windsor chair was introduced in England in the late 17th century, and it was about 50 years later, around 1730, that the first American Windsor chairs were made in The main types of windsor chair include sack back, hoopback, comb-back, continuous arm, low back, rod back and fan back. H. 37 3/8", W. (seat) 17 1/2", D. (seat) 16 1/16". The color of paint matters, so see which painted colors to look for. The chair has evolved greatly since that time, with numerous styles and materials from which to choose. Courtesy of Winterthur Museum. Windsor chairs were an ergonomic design development in their day. // Ormsbee. Fig. Nine spindles is a very old chair. She enjoys exploring foreign locales and hiking off the beaten path stateside, snapping pics of wildlife and nature instead of selfies. 5). In 1994 he and his wife Susanna gave the craft a permanent home when they opened a school named ‘The Windsor Institute’. Introduced in Philadelphia in the mid-1780s, the new pattern was being made in all production centers within a few years. Courtesy of Winterthur Museum. Here are some of them. The Windsor Chair. Likewise, mid-century molded fiberglass chairs -- popularized by Charles and Ray Eames paired with manufacturer Herman Miller -- still influence plastic chair design, yet are distinguishable by their thin metal legs and noticeable fiberglass fibers. Philadelphia and New York City sack-back Windsor chairs are discussed in Evans. Oak was the Windsor chairmaker’s principal choice for bentwork, as indicated in the crest piece, which exhibits the distinctive figure of that wood. H. 37 5/8", W. (seat) 20 1/2", D. (seat) 17 3/4". 1760–1770. 2: High-back Windsor armchair, Philadelphia, PA, ca. (4 vols) Books on Windsor Chairs Nutting. The number of spindles in the back is a good gauge of age: The more there are, the older the chair. From the early 1700s to early 1800s, Windsor chairs were in widespread use in rural parts of England and known as garden chairs. After finding a few, you'll likely be able to narrow down the general era the chair was made. They were introduced to America in the 1720s. Maple and cherry furniture are usually American. Clues can indicate the date that a chair … 6 (left): Bow-back Windsor armchair, branded by Joseph Henzey (1743–1796), Philadelphia, PA, ca. 3. Study the construction. She writes travel and budgeting tips and destination guides for USA Today, Travelocity and ForRent, among others. 1. White pine (seat) with birch and other woods. The basic low-back form is that of a roundabout, or corner, chair adapted from formal design to stick-and-socket construction. 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