It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit and content of vitamin-C. Management. Arida said the fruit and shoot borer is the most important insect pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. A. Insect Pests of Eggplant Common Name Scientific Name 1. L. orbonalis is one of the most economic pest of Nepal, India, Pakistan, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Pilippines, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam [4] and causing huge loss in almost eggplant growing areas [7]. IPM Strategy for Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer Table of Contents Chapters Executive Summary iv 1 Introduction 1 2 Biology and Nature of Damage of EFSB 3 3 Mechanical Control 6 4 Host-plant Resistance 11 5 Biological Control 13 6 Sex Pheromone 24 7 Socio-economics of Eggplant … Flea beetle Psylliodes sp. Small larvae feed on leaves for a short time and then attack fruit. The full grown larvae come out of the infested shoots and fruits and for pupate in the dried shoots and leaves or in plant debris fallen on the ground within tough silken cocoons. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Remarkably, its relationship with environmental factors such as temperature is not clearly defined. Leafhopper Amrasca biguttula 6. At times, entire crops … Hypocotyl explants from 7 day-old seedlings were pre-cultured for two days and inoculated with Agrobacterium strain EHA105 … Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption (Fig. Corn semi-looper Chrysodeixis eriosoma 4. Eggs are laid in groups of 20-30 near fruit. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. 1). The most destructive insect pest of eggplant in the Philippines and other Asian countries is the Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB). The caterpillar only emerges from inside the fruit when it is ready to pupate in the soil, leaving a much larger and obvious exit hole at this stage (Fig. Common cutworm Spodoptera litura 3. Lady beetle Epilachna vigintioctopunctata 13. 1. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. Arida said the fruit and shoot borer is the most important insect pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. 3), and this more noticeable sign will give an indication of possible L. orbonalis infestation. The eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a notorious insect pest that causes havoc across all eggplant cultivation areas in Bangladesh. It reduces the quality of fruit production and attacks eggplant irrespective to growth stages of plant unlike other pests [24]. Whitefly Bemesia tabaci 5. feeding in fruit and shoot is responsible for the damage to eggplant crop. Eggplant fruit & shoot borer Leucinodes orbonalis 2. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant cv.Kashi Taru through Agrobacterium-tumefaciens mediated transformation. damage to occur to the fruit, such as fungal attack or rotting (Fig. 4). The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. One fruit contain up to 20 larvae in Ghana (Frempong, 1979). The head of the fall armyworm is usually marked with a pale-white inverted "Y." 7. 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