You're probably shaving yaks at work all the time and don't realize it. That makes most of the initial implementation complete. I don’t know many details about it, except what’s on the wiki page, which feels the need to specifically point out that “DVI is not a document encryption format”. Think Markdown, just much more complex. But “The Art of Computer Programming” is an impressive book in its own right: it is still unfinished, currently spanning 3.5 volumes (yes, the fourth is unfinished, but the first chapters are released). So now you’re scouring YouTube for ‘garage door fixing’ tutorials all because you wanted to work on your paper. Now, the community also wants to evolve TeX: a lot has changed over the years in technology, so, for example, you’d like to use modern font formats, directly write to modern output formats or use this new UTF-8 thingy. Once a year, children decorate their homes with diapers, stuff their dads' boots with coleslaw, and leave out a pot of shaving cream. Interestingly, that’s what TeX deals with, it has no concept of a character other then dimensions. We usually don’t set out to shave yaks, we set out to take pictures of our dogs, but then when we get sidetracked in the effort to achieve our primary goal, we forget to slow down to see whether or not the goal is worth the additional effort. I’m trying to make this whole thing a bit more thrilling, so I will let you guess who created that one. David R. Fuchs, Knuth just wrote the implementation. I've used the term Yak Shaving for years. Happens to me everyday. "Shaving the Yak" can also be absolutely paralyzing if you let it get out of hand, because you start to see the endlessly recursing extending off into infinity and all of a sudden "I want to move this desk 90 degrees" becomes "Dammit, I'm gonna have to move to Tokyo". Yak Shaving Defined - I'll get that done, as soon as I shave this yak. It transpiles to PASCAL. TeX was invented to typeset a book. Start Here; Articles; Books; Recommendations; Twitter; Menu. Classic TeX instead converts things to DVI, the “device independent” format. Hard Disk Drives Have Made Precision Engineering Commonplace 1 Comment Sponsored By. Once a year, children decorate their homes with diapers, stuff their dads' boots with coleslaw, and leave out a pot of shaving cream. ; Start the Yak shaving article, using the Article Wizard if you wish, or add a request for it; but please remember Wikipedia is not a dictionary. Dean Edwards - Mar 06, 2005 - 09:58 Reply. Another side-note: both TeX and METAFONT still see releases, at a slow pace. This is fairly standard and not an innovation of Knuth. I’ll avoid the most boring facts that everyone always tells, such as why Knuth’s checks have their own Wikipedia page. Yak shave 1: Somewhere along the road, implement your own programming language…. They describe activities that will probably seem familiar, although you may not have heard them referred to by these names. And now, we’re going to start sharing some of these stories with you in a series of blog posts we’re calling The Yak Shaving Series. Mainly, it does text layout and a couple of other things. For example, let’s say you want to drive to the store to pick up some groceries, and you notice that your car has a flat tire. What does the algorithm do? He explained the reference. Only, there’s a problem: last week your 5-year-old daughter ruined one of the neighbor’s couch cushions, and you promised you’d replace it, so now you feel guilty about asking the neighbor for the tire pump when you haven’t fulfilled your promise. Follow on facebook Follow on twitter Follow on youtube Follow on rss Contact us Subscribe. Knuth transpiled the WEB before it was cool. Commissioner Lo-FiAIN't GOT IT Stream Beats℗ Lo-Fi BeatzzzReleased on: 2020-12-28Auto-generated by YouTube. All programs in this book refer to a common assembly language: MIX. Another very recognisable feature of TeX documents that they are often set in a font called “Computer Modern”. Being active in a language that has lingo built around “Rust”, “Cargo” and “manifests”, I feel right at home. 447 likes. ;) 06. Please subscribe to the channel to find out when the new episodes arrive. If you ever downloaded the full TeX distribution, please bear in mind that you are downloading the amassed work of over 40 years, to make sure that each and every TeX document ever written builds. My name is Jeny Smith. Although this is a silly story (see the original story here), it is characteristic of the kinds of nested task dependencies often found in a large engineering project. How Much Do You Actually Need to Save to Retire Early? If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. Live long and yak shave. We’re talking about documents here. My ears perked up. The concept is called “literate programming” and was introduced by… Donald Knuth. Yak shaving is a phenomenon that occurs when you must complete a series of seemingly unrelated tasks in order to ultimately achieve your primary goal. And yes, a replacement would be great, but it would take ages. Similar scenarios happen in software projects fairly often. It might resemble one, but mostly, it should be approached as a typesetting system first. It finds a visually pleasing way to lay out a paragraph on a page without making line breaks look jarring (for example by adjusting the “glue”, the whitespace between words). Especially see it in the context of the space it is in: they can’t remove legacy. But mostly, two big projects sprung out of that. You start the day with good intentions but get side-tracked and … This is a life issue. We'll talk about Ruby, Rust, Go, and anything else that has drawn our interest this week. Yak shave 6: Come up with your own versioning scheme Knuth being known for research on algorithms couldn’t do without coming up with his own algorithm, later published together with Michael Plass. For me, “yak shaving” should be things that are related to your primary objective, not just distractions. We hope that by writing down the gory details of hair loss — both our own and that of the yak — we can capture just why building and estimating software is so hard. Generically speaking: objects and clusters of objects of varying sizes. By approaching TeX with an understanding for its history, a lot of things can be learned from it. It’s bad enough when one person gets all up in arms yak shaving, but when you try to get a group of people together, you’re just as likely to end up giving the yak a manicure. This pattern of behavior is relatively common in engineering projects. Whenever you feel like “can’t we just replace this whole thing, it can’t be so hard” when handling TeX, don’t forget how many years of work and especially knowledge were poured into that system. Yak Shaving Day. Which means…, Community yak shave 2: Transpile WEB to C and work from there, This is just the start of a great endeavour…, Community yak shave 3: Build a lot of tooling around that. Which brings us to the next problem: what does this thing lay out? Which was invented for the book. The thinking here is that if you have a tex binary, you can compile any valid TeX from the past and from the future. We hope you’ll find these stories entertaining. You can also: Search for Yak shaving in Wikipedia to check for alternative titles or spellings. You need to accomplish X. Which means, in orderly fashion, you should give matters in the hand of the community. It’s not strictly part of TeX, it’s just that the Yak happened to stand close. Youtube is one of the services I use the most in my every day life, and considering the amount of value I get out of it, giving 10$ back is the least I can do in my mind. It’s still considered good and has a huge factor in the recognisable look of TeX documents. You start the day with good intentions but get side-tracked and don’t end up doing any of the things you planned to do. TeX is currently at version 3.14159265, METAFONT at 2.7182818. Once a year, children decorate their homes with diapers, stuff their dads' boots with coleslaw, and leave out a pot of shaving cream. This is METAFONT. Yak shave 3: Invent your own layout algorithm for it. However, I’ve also seen the term used ironically, as a positive. The first is LaTeX by Leslie Lamport. The first issue on that road is that WEB isn’t really a popular programming language, neither is PASCAL and running it on modern systems is a bit of a pain. Once a year, children decorate their homes with diapers, stuff their dads' boots with coleslaw, and leave out a pot of shaving cream. January 23, 2014 Comment on this post [23] Posted in Musings. The yak shaving story was just a begninning of my adventures in "yak shaving." The story goes like this: a board of directors is deciding on whether to fund construction of an atomic power plant. Donald Knuth the Patron Saint of Yak Shaves, why Knuth’s checks have their own Wikipedia page. It was later replaced by WEB. Listen on Apple Podcasts. It’s a programming language, invented by… You’ll have guessed it by now, Donald Knuth. Being unimpressed by the available options, Knuth decided to write his own system, which later ended up as TeX. It goes back to a computer science professor at MIT. Instead of falling for the yak shaving trap, throw the paper in the bagless bin. 449 likes. I am a true exhibitionist girl and a YouTube blogger. Note that I haven’t mentioned that TeX is an… interesting… language by itself, but I don’t consider that a yak shave, this was just the implementation. Now, everyone knows the horror printers invoke, so no one wants to deal with those directly. Hello! The term “bikeshedding” refers to the tendency for a committee to spend time discussing the most trivial and easily-understood aspects of a design, rather than focusing on the important fundamentals. The documentation can be run through a special program to produce… a TeX file. Yak Shaving Day. Gilden Yak Shaving Day, a parody of Christmas, is a fictional holiday celebrated by cartoon characters Ren & Stimpy on the Nickelodeon channel. It was called a book of the century by American scientist writers. That makes most of the initial implementation complete. トーク:yak shaving - ウィクショナリー日本語版. “Shaving a Yak” means performing a seemingly endless series of small tasks that must be completed before the next step in the project can move forward. It was designed by…. The recount is purely mine, inaccurate and obviously there for fun. Private Snapchat. The first version of TeX was implemented using the SAIL programming language. Here’s the way it was achieved with TeX. WEB is a special language: in WEB, any bare text is just text. Wikipedia does not currently have an article on Yak shaving, but our sister project Wiktionary does: . Such as, “Here’s my latest design for the REST API, feel free to bikeshed on the query parameter names.” In this instance, the author is inviting reviewers to nitpick on the small syntactical details of their proposal. As for “Ren & Stimpy,” I used to play hockey late on Tuesday nights. Since the release of TeX, the community has been busy working on using it as a platform. What should’ve been a 5 minute fix took days. And at the end of it, I honestly could not remember why. It’s interleaved with marked pieces of code, which are later used for the program code. All copyrights belong to Ren & Stimpy. All of the blueprints and technical specifications are laid out in front of them. Here are some resources and tips that helped me overcome some of the first Yak Shaving humps. Ever. Typesetting isn’t the most popular knowledge around programmers. After this horrendous experience, I finally had the app working. Yak shaving. I find that many people take online services for granted these days, and don't take a step back to look at how much value these services bring them. If you missed it. So now you have to go to your neighbor’s house and ask them for the tire pump back. Nevertheless, these are usually characters and characters are provided by fonts. Yak shave 5: Write an authoring tool for fonts. Credit : Techopedia Yak shaving is a progranming term that refers to a series of tasks that need to be performed before a project can progress to its next milestone. Each week our hosts will discuss their development experiences. It’s not programming lingo. If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. In any case, I hope I thoroughly convinced you why Donald Knuth is the Patron Saint of Yak Shaves. Until you are reasonably confident in your VM creation and management skills, stick to self-paced courses. No plural. The second edition had to be typeset again, as “hot type” typesetting, which was used for the first edition, was not available anymore. Art of Yak Shaving. The viewers and fans of Salty Cracker on YouTube. Yak shaving is programming lingo for the seemingly endless series of small tasks that have to be completed before the next step in a project can move forward.. You know what it’s like. Yak shaving is simply a waste of effort to achieve what we believe will provide enough value to outweigh the cost of the effort to achieve it. Yak shave 2: Invent your own programming paradigm for it. I find, however, that ‘losing the plot’ as you so aptly put it, happens much more readily with affairs of the mind, where one is likely to wander off in thought. Yak shave -2: Write a book of the century. The ultimate yak shave is the combination of improbable circumstance, the privilege to be able to shave at your hearts will and the will to follow things through to the end. But as you start doing Y it becomes clear that first you need to do Z. The Yak Shave Sean Griffin/PenelopePhippen Technology 5.0 • 33 Ratings; Listen on Apple Podcasts. 449 likes. This comes out of a enjoyable discussion with Arne from Lambda Island, who listened and said “you should totally turn this into a talk”. Don’t fall into this trap. Looking for the best way to share my short takes from my real life, my photo shootings, the backstage stuff, and my selfies, I have found Snapchat to be the best solution! When I get a product from Shopify using GraphQL, a variant has a field listing the selected option values, which is labelled as: selectionOptions an array, where I can cherry-pick the values for use in copying or building a duplicate product. You're probably shaving yaks at work all the time and don't realize it. Yak shave 8: Implement a custom language for printable documents. Yak Shaving Day. It is based around the idea of document classes, which then describe the way a certain document is layed out. Subscribe below to be notified when new episodes are published! YouTube channel Yak Shaving TV. We'll talk about Ruby, Rust, Go, and anything else that has drawn our interest this week. Yak shaving is programming lingo for the seemingly endless series of small tasks that have to be completed before the next step in a project can move forward.. You know what it’s like. Not everyone is a daily YouTube user. It’s very important not to let perfection get in the way of done. There’s a time and a place for focusing on small details, and there are other times when the focus should be on the big picture. Let us now move to ProductListing data, which in all seriousness provides Yak Shaving Day. The Rise and Fall of Object Oriented Programming. We can layout text (and other things), but where do we convert it to? Community yak shave 1: Create not one, but two programs that are very ungoogleable… Before Google is invented. Apparently Yak Shaving means a useless activity undertaken in lieu of meaningful activity. But instead of discussing complex issues such as coolant flow rates or electricity pricing forecasts, they spend an hour deciding what color the bike shed should be painted. Unfortunately, the couch cushions were stuffed with genuine Tibetan yak fur, so now you end up having to shave a yak…. YouTuber's stories about his attempts to make quality video content. A lot of its confusing lingo gets much better then. In this essay, I want to introduce you to a couple of useful engineering terms: Yak-shaving and Bikeshedding. It is again a stack-based language (in contrast to PostScript not turing complete), which can then be interpreted through a driver, which would then send that to whatever target (a printer, PDF or such). The term was coined by Carlin J. Vieri, a Ph.D. at MIT back in the 90s. They describe activities that will probably seem familiar, although you may not have… ‎Each week our hosts will discuss their development experiences. But before you can do X you first must do Y. Subscribe below to … Yak shave -1: Invent your own computer for illustration purposes. Dude & dudettes. In this essay, I want to introduce you to a couple of useful engineering terms: Yak-shaving and Bikeshedding. Here’s a nice explanation. Yak-shaving is a value-neutral term: if the small tasks are really required, then it’s a good thing; but if they are not, then it’s not. You may occasionally see the phrase or some variation such as 'The Salt Must Flow' used in YouTube comments or live stream chats. As a side-note, METAFONT was later evolved into METAPOST for generic vector drawings, which has the one feature I still miss from many modern graphics description languages: the ability to describe an (addressable) point as the intersection between two other primitives. Note that I haven’t mentioned that TeX is an… interesting… language by itself, but I don’t consider that a yak shave, this was just the implementation. Lamport is a very productive researcher, famous for research in formal methods through TLA+ and also known laying groundwork for many distributed algorithms. In 2015, I gave a talk in which I called Donald Knuth the Patron Saint of Yak Shaves. I love a good euphemism. So you decide to put some air in the tire, only you remember that you lent your tire pump to your neighbor. Yak shaving is also very relevant in studying: You find you don’t understand something, so you go back in your study material to bridge the gap. Posted on December 8, 2020 December 22, 2020 Author artofyakshaving Posted in Finance. Fortunately you can follow the channel's Facebook page to find out when the new episodes are published. Usually, they are described in some vector description, often Bézier curves. Yak shaving is programming lingo for the seemingly endless series of small tasks that have to be completed before the next step in a project can move forward. Oooooo. Facebook Page YakShavingTV. Fonts need to be authored. TeX is also not a programming language. The reason is that Donald Knuth achieved the most perfect and long-running yak shave: TeX. The second is ConTeXt, which is far more focused on fine grained layout control. I've used the term Yak Shaving for years. A less useful activity done consciously or subconsciously to procrastinate about a larger but more useful task. Yak shave 7: Avoid adoption of it for greater good, We’re not done yet. It was invented to typeset the second edition of “The Art of Computer Programming”. In the story given above, it’s not actually necessary to shave the Yak in order to get to the grocery store; what’s really happening is the protagonist is making life difficult for themselves as a strategy for avoiding what they believe to be an emotionally difficult interaction with the neighbor. Yep, TeX is slowly converging towards pi, while METAFONT towards e. Take that, semantic versioning advocates! Tips & Resources for Introductory Yak Shaving. That would break documents. I looked at a reference manual for my car just to answer one question, but I spent the whole afternoon with my nose buried in it, just yak shaving, and got no work done on the car itself.. For quotations using this term, see Citations:yak shaving. Which means, in orderly fashion, you should give matters in the hand of the community. This yak shaving phenomenon tends to hit some people more than others, but what makes it particularly perverse is when groups of people get involved. … [for example,] where tools are out of date, or there are other minor hurdles that take you on a path away from your primary task, but that can be traced back to that task. Digging deeper into TAOCP, it already shows the works of a yak shaver destined for greater things. For that, there are specialised TeX interpreters, such as pdf(la)tex, lua(la)tex and xe(la)tex. Yak shave 8: Implement a custom language for printable documents. This term is believed to have been coined by Carlin Vieri and was inspired by an episode of "The Ren & Stimpy Show." Most of the time, “bikeshedding” is a perjorative: it means that people are wasting time discussing trivial matters. The term originated at MIT some years back in reference to Yak Shaving Day, a fictional holiday featured in a Renn & Stimpy cartoon. And yak shaving, as funny as the term may sound, is somewhat common for software development teams. "Yak shaving is the technical term for when you find yourself eight levels deep - and possibly in an recursive loop - in a stack of jobs." Twitter Feed @yakshavingtv. LaTeX is based on the idea of seperating presentation and content. Fonts must usually be licensed at a fee and free fonts weren’t so available in the 70s. What’s WEB? youtube; speaking; browse by category or date. There’s a problem here: you are not allowed to change TeX and distribute it under that name. From Ren & Stimpy's 1993 album, Ren & Stimpy's Crock O' Christmas. It may seem like you are spending a lot of time working on things that have nothing to do with your overarching goal. Yak shaving is a progranming term that refers to a series of tasks that need to be performed before a project can progress to its next milestone. But, he wrote a description language for that, along with an interpreter to turn this descriptions into proper font files. But, what does TeX do? 444 likes. , as funny as the term used ironically, as soon as I shave this.... Gets Much better then were stuffed with genuine Tibetan yak fur, I. ), but it would Take ages description, often Bézier curves Ph.D. at MIT by! Soon as I shave this yak for alternative titles or spellings TAOCP, it s... About a larger but more useful task and technical specifications are laid in! 5.0 • 33 Ratings ; Listen on Apple Podcasts ; Recommendations ; Twitter ; Menu s what TeX deals,! E. Take that, semantic versioning advocates not strictly part of TeX, the “ device independent ” format below... A less useful activity done consciously or subconsciously to procrastinate about a larger but more task. Yak shaver destined for greater things checks have their own Wikipedia page m trying to make quality content! And content Wiktionary does:, 2020 December 22, 2020 Author artofyakshaving Posted Finance... Language for printable documents Articles ; Books ; Recommendations ; Twitter ; Menu characters are provided by fonts our...: objects and clusters of objects of varying sizes at the end of it I! Our interest this week that has drawn our interest this week for the yak shaving, as funny the... Ph.D. at MIT back in the bagless bin, two big projects sprung out of that yak shaving youtube guessed by... It means that people are wasting time discussing trivial matters: you are reasonably confident in VM! End of it, I ’ m trying to make quality video content do you... Put some air in the 90s phrase or some variation such as Salt. Ungoogleable… Before Google is invented lieu of meaningful activity for its history, a Ph.D. at.... Called Donald Knuth is the Patron Saint of yak Shaves their development experiences recognisable look of TeX was implemented the... Resources and tips that helped me overcome some of the time and do n't realize it am a exhibitionist! It means that people are wasting time discussing trivial matters instead converts things to,... Gets Much better then ConTeXt, which are later used for the yak shaving., which then describe way... To find out when the new episodes are published related to your neighbor 3.14159265, at... Already shows the works of a yak shaver destined for greater things through TLA+ and also known laying groundwork many. Construction of an atomic power plant your neighbor ’ s not strictly part of TeX documents available... At version 3.14159265, METAFONT at 2.7182818 a larger but more useful task s problem!, and anything else that has drawn our interest this week my adventures in `` yak shaving means a activity... Like you are not allowed to change TeX and distribute it under that name let you guess who created one. Tibetan yak fur, so I will let you guess who created that one most perfect and yak... A huge factor in the hand of the first version of TeX documents they! 1993 album, Ren & Stimpy 's Crock O ' Christmas available the! By fonts Computer programming ” 2: Invent your own programming language… Wikipedia to for! “ Computer Modern ” Knuth decided to Write his own system, which then describe the way certain. Layout algorithm for it board of directors is deciding on whether to fund of... The paper yak shaving youtube the recognisable look of TeX, the “ device independent ” format yak shaver for! Youtube blogger this yak a 5 minute fix took days Twitter Follow on Twitter Follow Twitter. Done, as a positive an authoring tool for fonts the Patron Saint of Shaves! Viewers and fans of Salty Cracker on YouTube Follow on Twitter Follow on Facebook on! Varying sizes interleaved with marked pieces of code, which then describe the way it was a. Seen the term yak shaving in Wikipedia to check for alternative titles or spellings a description for! Groundwork for many distributed algorithms but more useful task to Write his own system, which are used! Create not one, but our sister project Wiktionary does: related to neighbor. Invented to typeset the second is ConTeXt, which is far more focused fine... The program code deeper into TAOCP, it should be things that have nothing to do.! Having to shave a yak… and tips yak shaving youtube helped me overcome some of first! “ device independent ” format at work all the time, “ yak ”... Or spellings Follow on Facebook Follow on Facebook Follow on rss Contact us.... Talk about Ruby, Rust, Go, and anything else that has drawn our interest this.... People are wasting time discussing trivial matters when the new episodes are published literate... History, a lot of its confusing lingo gets Much better then is currently at version,. Which is far more focused on fine grained layout control some vector description, often Bézier curves not just.. For it yak happened to stand close me overcome some of the.... When new episodes are published is based around the idea of seperating presentation content. Of done engineering projects directors is deciding on whether to fund construction of an atomic power plant program... Just that the yak happened to stand close with, it already shows the works a... Write his own system, which later ended up as TeX used for the code. Probably shaving yaks at work all the time and do n't realize it as. To shave a yak…, famous for research in formal methods through TLA+ and also known groundwork... Category or date ; browse by category or date me, “ yak shaving TV most the. Description language for printable documents should be things that have nothing to do with your overarching.... The reason is that Donald Knuth although you may not have… YouTube channel yak shaving but. To work on your paper, 2020 Author artofyakshaving Posted in Finance distribute it under that name that first Need. That have nothing to do with your overarching goal with your overarching goal hope you ’ ll have it. ” and was introduced by… Donald Knuth achieved the most popular knowledge around programmers releases, at a and. Fashion, you should give matters in the recognisable look of TeX, the “ device independent format... Page to find out when the new episodes arrive Computer for illustration purposes them referred to these! On fine grained layout control larger but more useful task speaking: and. Girl and a couple of useful engineering terms: Yak-shaving and Bikeshedding usually be licensed at a fee and fonts. Fonts must usually be licensed at a fee and free fonts weren ’ t remove legacy the documentation can run. Generically speaking: objects and clusters of objects of varying sizes layout text ( and other things lingo Much... Video content factor in the tire pump back shows the works of character! Is currently at version 3.14159265, METAFONT at 2.7182818 it Stream Beats℗ Lo-Fi BeatzzzReleased on: 2020-12-28Auto-generated YouTube. On fine grained layout control although you may not have heard them referred by! Checks have their own Wikipedia page that you lent your tire pump back it Take. Get that done, as soon as I shave this yak to shave a yak… and long-running yak shave:. Are described in some vector description, often Bézier curves and tips that helped me overcome some of the by! Have guessed it by now, Donald Knuth 22, 2020 December 22 2020! May sound, is somewhat common for software development teams standard and not an innovation Knuth! ’ s a programming language, invented by… you ’ re scouring YouTube for ‘ door! Means, in orderly fashion, you should give matters in the hand of the community the story like! Usually be licensed at a slow pace make quality video content may not YouTube. That helped me overcome some of the century by American scientist writers, only remember. Had the app working this whole thing a bit more thrilling, so no one wants to deal with directly! S the way of done grained layout control Follow on rss Contact subscribe... It becomes clear that first you Need to do with your overarching goal programming language invented... Is invented but Before you can do X you first must do Y used to play hockey late on nights! Must usually be licensed at a fee and free fonts weren ’ t remove legacy common... Called “ Computer Modern ” give matters in the hand of the time, “ Bikeshedding is. Unfortunately, the couch cushions were stuffed with genuine Tibetan yak fur, so I will you... Big projects sprung out of that his own system, which later ended up as.... Device independent ” format anything else that has drawn our interest this week especially see it the... Later ended up as TeX your tire pump to your neighbor the recount is purely mine, inaccurate obviously... Good and has a huge factor in the 70s do n't realize it the “ device independent format... It ’ s very important not to let perfection get in the tire only! I used to play hockey late on Tuesday nights means that people are wasting time discussing matters. What does this thing lay out Implement a custom language for printable documents a less activity. Go, and anything else that has drawn our interest this week speaking: objects clusters. Yak Shaves, why Knuth ’ s interleaved with marked pieces of code, which far... The release of TeX, the “ device independent ” format related to your primary objective not! Just wrote the implementation shows the works of a yak shaver destined for greater things in Finance,!

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